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2007年至2011年江苏省苏州市初中毕业生语文学业考试语文试题(word版,含答案)


We will continue to impr ove the compa ny's inter nal control sy stem, and steady improveme nt in a bility to manage a nd contr ol, optimize business proce sse s, to ensure sm oot h process es, res ponsi bilities i n pla ce; to furt her strengt hen i nternal contr ols, play a control post inde pendent ov ersight role of ev aluation com plying wit h third -party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of internal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardiz e relat ed transacti ons, strengthe ning operati ons i n accor dance with law. D eepeni ng the information manageme nt to ensure full communicati on "zero resistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++ , and PI, a nd M IS, and SCM, i nformation sy stem base d construction, full integrati on informati on system, a chieve d information resource s share d; to expand Portal system a ppli cation of breadt h and de pth, play i nformation sy stem on e nterprise of As sistant rol e; to perfect daily r un mainte nance operati on of records, promote problem reasons a nalysis and system ha ndover; to strengthe ning BFS++, a nd ERP, a nd S CM, technology a ppli cation of training, im prove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capacity and level. H umani stic care t o ens ure "zero." To strengtheni ng Huma nities car e, continues to foster compa ny wind cle ar, and g as are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove hel ped tra ppe d, care difficult empl oyees; carried out style a ctivities, ri ch empl oyees life; stre ngthe ning health a nd la bour prote ction, organi zation career health me dical, control career agai nst; continues to impleme ntation psychol ogica l warni ng preventi on sy stem, training empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd sta ble of mood and enter prisi ng of attitude, created frien dly fraternity of Humanities envir onment . To stre ngthe n risk manageme nt, ensure t hat the busi ness of "zero risk". To stre ngthe ned busines s pla ns manag ement, will busine ss busi ness plans cov er to all level, e nsure t he busi ness can contr ol in contr ol; to clos e concer n fina ncial, and coal ele ctric li nkage, and energy-savi ng scheduling, national policy tre nds , strengtheni ng track, active s hould; to impleme ntation State -ow ned a ssets method, furt her s pecifi cation busine ss financial management; to perfect risk tube control system, achieved risk re cog nition, and measure , and assessme nt, and report, and control feedba ck of closed ri ng management, im prove risk prevention ca pacit y. To further standardi ze trading , and strive to achieve "accordi ng to la w, standardiz e and fair." Innovation of performance manageme nt, to ensure t hat pote ntial empl oyees "zero fly". To strengt hen performance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employe e evaluati on and levels of effective communication to impr ove performa nce management. To f urther qua ntify and refine employe e standards . .. Work , full play part y, and branch, and mem bers in "five type Enter prise" co nstruction i n the of core rol e, and fighting fortress role and pi oneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengt heni ng "four good" lea dershi p constr ucti on, full play levels cadres i n enter prise development in t he

2007 年苏州市初中毕业暨升学考试试卷





本试卷共 25 题,满分 125 分;考试用时 150 分钟。

第一部分(26 分)
1.根据汉语拼音写出汉宇。(4 分) ①雄 ③理直气 (hún) (zhuàng) ②憧 ④无边无 (jǐng) (yín)

2.下面的句子中每句都有两个错别字,把它们找出来填入表中,然后改正。(4 分) ①正宫前面是一座风格独特的法兰西式大花园。 园内树木花草的栽植别俱匠心, 景色优 美甜静,令人心旷神怡。 ②在这泉水的交响之中,我们仿佛能够听到生命在诞生、成长、繁延、死亡,新陈待谢 的声部,由弱到强,渐渐展开。 错别字 改 正

3.默写古诗文名句,并在括号内的横线上填写相应的作家、篇名。(10 分) ①待到山花烂漫时, ②海内存知己, ③ ④ ⑤枯藤老树昏鸦, ⑥ ⑦子曰: “ ⑧受任于败军之际, , 。( 。(毛泽东《卜算子 咏梅》) 《送杜少府之任蜀川》) 》 ) ,是离愁。别是一般滋味在心头。(李煜《相见欢》) ,隔江犹唱《后庭花》 。 (杜牧《 ……(马致远《天静沙 秋思》) ,化作春泥更护花。(龚自珍《己亥杂诗》) ,可以为师矣。 ”(《论语》八则) ……(诸葛亮《出师表》)

4.把下面的长句改成三个短句.(可适当增删字数和标点符号,但不能改变原意)(3 分) 《西游记》是明代文学家吴承恩在民间文学的基础上经过加工整合再创作的一部故事 情节曲折人物形象生动深受读者特别是广大青少年欢迎的古典长篇章回体小说。 ① ② ③ 5.阅读下面的文字,回答问题。(5 分)

m 3。 2 f backbone ba ckbone rol e; to full stre ngthe ning member s yout h work, full play yout h empl oyees in company devel opme nt in the of force role ; to improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level, strengthe ning on e nterpris e busi ne ss key link of effectiveness monitore d. , And maintain stabilit y. To further stre ngthe n publicity a nd e ducation, improve th e overall legal system. We must strengt hen safety management, esta blish a nd im prove the e ducation, s upervi sion, and evaluati on as one of the traffic safety management mecha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 another across a raili ng, we are e nthusiastic a nd full of confidence. F uture development opportunitie s, we more exciting fight more s pirited. Employees, let us toget her across 20 13 full of challe nges and opportuniti es, to create a green, l ow-cost operati on, full of humane care of a w orld-cla s s power ge neration company a nd w ork hard! T he occasi on of the Spri ng Festival, my sincere wish t hat you a nd the families of the staff in the new year, g ood healt h, ha ppy, ha ppy

To conscie ntiously s um up the Oly mpic se curity control s, pr omoting i ntegrated management to a higher level, hig her standards, a hig her level of devel opme nt. Empl oyees, today is lunar cal endar on Decem ber 24, t he ox Bell is about to ri ng, at this time of year, we cle arly feel the pulse of the XX power generati on company t o flouri sh, to more clearly he ar XX power generati on compa nies mature a nd symmetry breathi ng. Recalli ng past one

We will continue to impr ove the compa ny's inter nal control sy stem, and steady improveme nt in a bility to manage a nd contr ol, optimize business proce sse s, to ensure sm oot h process es, res ponsi bilities i n pla ce; to furt her strengt hen i nternal contr ols, play a control post inde pendent ov ersight role of evaluation com plying wit h third -party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of internal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardiz e relat ed transacti ons, strengthe ning operati ons i n accor dance with law. D eepeni ng the information manageme nt to ensure full communicati on "zero resistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++ , and PI, a nd M IS, and SCM, i nformation sy stem base d construction, full integrati on informati on system, a chieve d information resource s share d; to expand Portal system a ppli cation of breadt h and de pth, play i nformation sy stem on e nterprise of As sistant rol e; to perfect da ily r un mainte nance operation of records, promote problem reasons a nalysis and system ha ndover; to strengthe ning BFS++, a nd ERP, a nd S CM, technology a ppli cation of training, im prove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capacity and level. H umani stic care t o ens ure "zero." To strengtheni ng Huma nities car e, continues to foster compa ny wind cle ar, and g as are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove hel ped tra ppe d, care difficult empl oyees; carried out style a ctivities, ri ch empl oyees life; stre ngthe ning health a nd la bour prote ction, organi zation career health me dical, control career agai nst; continues to impleme ntation psychol ogical warni ng preventi on sy stem, training empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd sta ble of mood and enter prisi ng of attitude, created friendly fraternity of Humanities envir onment . To stre ngthe n risk manageme nt, ensure t hat the busi ness of "zero risk". To stre ngthe ned busines s pla ns manag ement, will busine ss busi ness plans cov er to all level, e nsure t he busi ness ca n contr ol in contr ol; to clos e concer n fina ncial, and coal ele ctric li nkage, and energy-savi ng scheduling, national policy tre nds , strengtheni ng track, active s hould; to impleme ntation State -ow ned a ssets method, furt her s pecifi cation busine ss financial management; to perfect risk tube control system, achieved risk re cog nition, and measure , and assessme nt, and report, and control feedba ck of closed ri ng management, im prove risk prevention ca pacit y. To further standardi ze trading , and strive to achieve "accordi ng to la w, standardiz e and fair." Innovation of performance manageme nt, to ensure t hat pote ntial empl oyees "zero fly". To strengt hen performance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employe e evaluati on and levels of effective communication to impr ove performa nce management. To further qua ntify and refine employe e standards . .. Work , full play part y, and branch, and mem bers in "five type Enter prise" construction i n the of core rol e, and fighting fortress role and pi oneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengt heni ng "four good" lea dershi p constr ucti on, full play levels cadres i n enter prise development in t he

苏州网狮园的引静桥是中国园林里最短最小的拱形桥, 颇像苏州出产的精雕细刻的工艺 品。这座桥全长只有两米多,游人只需三四步即可跨过。它造型优美,侧立而为柔婉的弧 形,小小的,曲曲的,妩媚可爱。桥面两侧,均有石栏,石栏两端,刻作依次递减而连接 的三个半圆形,以示桥栏两端美丽而明确的终止。桥面正中,则刻以圆花形浅浮雕纹饰, 避免了平板单调。 ① 根据上面的文字提供的信息,用三个词语概括引静桥的特点。 _____________________________________________________________ ② 从侧面看,引静桥“为柔婉的弧形,小小的,曲曲的” 。请你用一个比喻句,把这 种“妩媚可爱”的形态描摹出来。 _____________________________________________________________________

第二部分(44 分)
阅读《陈涉世家》中的一段文字,完成 6—10 题。 会天大雨,道不通,度已失期。失期,法皆斩。陈胜、吴广乃谋曰: “今亡亦死,举大计 亦死,等死,死国可乎?”陈胜曰: “天下苦秦久矣。吾闻二世少子也,不当立,当立者乃公 子扶苏。扶苏以数谏故,上使外将兵。今或闻无罪,二世杀之。百姓多闻其贤,未知其死也。 项燕为楚将,数有功,爱士卒,楚人怜之。或以为死,或以为亡,今诚以吾众诈自称公子扶 苏、项燕,为天下唱,宜多应者。 ”吴广以为然。乃行卜。卜者知其指意,曰: “足下事皆成, 有功。然足下卜之鬼乎! ”陈胜、吴广喜,念鬼,曰: “此教我先威众耳。 ”乃丹书帛曰“陈胜王” , 置人所罾鱼腹中。卒买鱼烹食,得鱼腹中书,固以怪之矣。又间令吴广之次所旁丛祠中,夜 篝火,狐呜呼曰“大楚兴,陈胜王” 。卒皆夜惊恐。旦日,卒中往往语,皆指目陈胜。 6.哪两组句子中加点的词的意义或用法相同?(4 分)

m 3。 2 f backbone ba ckbone rol e; to full stre ngthe ning member s yout h work, full play yout h empl oyees in company devel opme nt in the of force role ; to improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level, strengthe ning on e nterpris e busine ss key link of effectiveness monitore d. , And maintain stabilit y. To further stre ngthe n publicity a nd e ducation, improve the overall legal system. We must strengt hen safety management, esta blish a nd im prove the e ducation, s upervi sion, and evaluati on as one of the traffic safety management mecha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 another across a raili ng, we are e nthusiastic a nd full of confidence. F uture development opportunitie s, we more exciting fight more s pirited. Employees, let us toget her across 20 13 full of challe nges and opportuniti es, to create a green, l ow-cost operati on, full of humane care of a w orld -cla s s power ge neration company a nd w ork hard! T he occasi on of the Spri ng Festival, my sincere wish t hat you a nd the families of the staff in the new year, g ood healt h, ha ppy, ha ppy

To conscie ntiously s um up the Oly mpic se curity control s, pr omoting i ntegrated management to a higher level, hig her standards, a hig her level of devel opme nt. Empl oyees, today is lunar cal endar on Decem ber 24, t he ox Bell is about to ri ng, at this time of year, we cle arly feel the pulse of the XX power gene rati on company t o flouri sh, to more clearly he ar XX power generati on compa nies mature a nd symmetry breathi ng. Recalli ng past one

We will continue to impr ove the compa ny's inter nal control sy stem, and steady improveme nt in a bility to manage a nd contr ol, optimize business proce sse s, to ensure sm oot h process es, res ponsi bilities i n pla ce; to furt her strengt hen i nternal contr ols, play a control post inde pen dent ov ersight role of evaluation com plying wit h third -party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of internal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardiz e relat ed transacti ons, strengthe ning operati ons i n accor dance with law. D eepeni ng the information manageme nt to ensure full communicati on "zero resistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++ , and PI, a nd M IS, and SCM, i nformation sy stem base d construction, full integrati on informati on system, a chieve d information resource s share d; to expand Portal system a ppli cation of breadt h and de pth, play i nformation sy stem on e nterprise of As sistant rol e; to perfect dail y r un mainte nance operation of records, promote problem reasons a nalysis and system ha ndover; to strengthe ning BFS++, a nd ERP, a nd S CM, technology a ppli cation of training, im prove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capacity and level. H umani stic care t o ens ure "zero." To strengtheni ng Huma nities car e, continues to foster compa ny wind cle ar, and g as are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove hel ped tra ppe d, care difficult empl oyees; carried out style a ctivities, ri ch empl oyees life; stre ngthe ning health a nd la bour prote ction, organi zation career health me dical, control career agai nst; continues to im pleme ntation psychol ogical warni ng preventi on sy stem, training empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd sta ble of mood and enter prisi ng of attitude, created friendly fraternity of Humanities envir onment . To stre ngthe n risk manageme nt, ensure t hat the busi ness of "zero risk". To stre ngthe ned busines s pla ns manag ement, will busine ss busi ness plans cov er to all level, e nsure t he busi ness can contr ol in contr ol; to clos e concer n fina ncial, and coal ele ctric li nkage, and energy-savi ng scheduling, national policy tre nds , strengtheni ng track, active s hould; to impleme ntation State -ow ned a ssets method, furt her s pecifi cation busine ss financial management; to perfect risk tube control system, achieved risk re cog nition, and measure , and assessme nt, and report, and control feedba ck of closed ri ng management, im prove risk prevention ca pacit y. To further standardi ze trading , and strive to achieve "accordi ng to la w, standardiz e and fair." Innovation of performance manageme nt, to ensure t hat pote ntial empl oyees "zero fly". To strengt hen performance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employe e evaluati on and levels of effective communication to impr ove performa nce management. To further qua ntify and refine employe e standards . .. Work , full play part y, and branch, and mem bers in "five type Enter prise" construction i n the of core rol e, and fighting fortress role and pi oneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengt heni ng "four good" lea dershi p constr ucti on, full play levels cadres i n enter prise development in t he

7.下边句子中加点词语的古今意义哪一项相同?(2 分) A.旦日,卒中往往 语 .. B.起坐而喧哗 者,众宾欢也( 《醉翁亭记》 ) .. C.诚宜开张 圣听( 《出师表》 ) .. D.牺牲 玉帛,弗敢加也( 《曹刿论战》 ) .. 8.用现代汉语翻译文中画线的句子。 (2 分) [译文]__________________________________________________________________ 9.陈胜、吴广为什么要鱼腹藏书、篝火孤鸣?对这种做法你是如何评价的?(2 分) [答]_____________________________________________________________________ 10.导致陈胜、吴广农民起义的最根本的原因是什么?最直接的原因是什么?这两者之间有 什么联系?(2 分) [答]_______________________________________________________________________ 阅读《苏州园林》中的一段文字,完成 11-12 题。 苏州园林与北京的园林不同,极少使用彩绘。梁和柱子以及门窗阑干大多漆广漆,那 是不刺眼的颜色。墙壁白色。有些室内墙壁下半截铺小磨方砖,淡灰色和白色对衬。屋瓦 和檐漏一律淡灰色。这些颜色与草木的绿色配合,引起人们安静闲适的感觉。而到花开时 节,却更显得各种花明艳照眼。 11.苏州园林的建筑色彩有什么特点?这样的色彩在园内产生了什么效果? (3 分) [答]

[答]_____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 12.苏州园林色彩的运用体现了园林设计者怎样的艺术追求?请联系《苏州园林》及下面 的资料说说你的看法。(2 分) 链接: 苏州园林的主人,大多是被贬或退隐的官吏、不得志的文人,这就决定了苏州园林是 “独善其身”的私家园林.是体现了隐逸情趣的“城市山林” 。苏州园林的优点是能在布 局的自由中莸得身心的自由, 在物态的自然中归复人性的自然。 北方皇家园林追求浓丽绚 烂的色彩美,苏州私家园林则以素朴为美,粉墙黛瓦,质朴无华.没有强烈的刺激,有的 是柔和与宁静,这更利于园主们修身养性,投入自然的怀抱。
m 3。 2 f backbone ba ckbone rol e; to full stre ngthe ning member s yout h work, full play yout h empl oyees in company devel opme nt in the of force role ; to improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level, strengthe ning on e nterpris e busine ss key link of effectiveness monitore d. , And maintain stabilit y. To further stre ngthe n publicity a nd e ducati on, improve the overall legal system. We must strengt hen safety management, esta blish a nd im prove the e ducation, s upervi sion, and evaluati on as one of the traffic safety management mecha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 another across a raili ng, we are e nthusiastic a nd full of confidence. F uture development opportunitie s, we more exciting fight more s pirit ed. Employees, let us toget her across 20 13 full of challe nges and opportuniti es, to create a green, l ow-cost operati on, full of humane care of a w orld -cla s s power ge neration company a nd w ork hard! T he occasi on of the Spri ng Festival, my sincere wish t hat you a nd the families of the staff in the new year, g ood healt h, ha ppy, ha ppy To conscie ntiously s um up the Oly mpic se curity control s, pr omoting i ntegrated management to a higher level, hig her standards, a hig her level of devel opme nt. Empl oyees, today is lunar cal endar on Decem ber 24, t he ox Bell is about to ri ng, at this time of year, we cle arly feel the pulse of the XX power generati on company t o flouri sh, to more clearly he ar XX power generati on compa nies mature a nd symmetry breathi ng. Recalli ng past one

We will continue to impr ove the compa ny's inter nal control sy stem, and steady improveme nt in a bility to manage a nd contr ol, optimize business proce sse s, to ensure sm oot h process es, res ponsi bilities i n pla ce; to furt her strengt hen i nternal contr ols, play a control post inde pendent ov ersight role of evaluation com plying wit h third -party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of internal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardiz e relat ed transacti ons, strengthe ning operati ons i n accor dance with law. D eepeni ng the information manageme nt to ensure full communicati on "zero resistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++ , and PI, a nd M IS, and SCM, i nformation sy stem base d construction, full integrati on informati on system, a chieve d information resource s share d; to expand Portal system a ppli cation of breadt h and de pth, play i nformation sy stem on e nterprise of As sistant rol e; to perfect da ily r un mainte nance operation of records, promote problem reasons a nalysis and system ha ndover; to strengthe ning BFS++, a nd ERP, a nd S CM, technology a ppli cation of training, im prove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capacity and level. H umani stic care t o ens ure "zero." To strengtheni ng Huma nities car e, continues to foster compa ny wind cle ar, and g as are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove hel ped tra ppe d, care difficult empl oyees; carried out style a ctivities, ri ch empl oyees life; stre ngthe ning health a nd la bour prote ction, organi zation career health me dical, control career agai nst; continues to impleme ntation psychol ogical warni ng preventi on sy stem, training empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd sta ble of mood and enter prisi ng of attitude, created friendly fraternity of Humanities envir onment . To stre ngthe n risk manageme nt, ensure t hat the busi ness of "zero risk". To stre ngthe ned busines s pla ns manag ement, will busine ss busi ness plans cov er to all level, e nsure t he busi ness ca n contr ol in contr ol; to clos e concer n fina ncial, and coal ele ctric li nkage, and energy-savi ng scheduling, national policy tre nds , strengtheni ng track, active s hould; to impleme ntation State -ow ned a ssets method, furt her s pecifi cation busine ss financial management; to perfect risk tube control system, achieved risk re cog nition, and measure , and assessme nt, and report, and control feedba ck of closed ri ng management, im prove risk prevention ca pacit y. To further standardi ze trading , and strive to achieve "accordi ng to la w, standardiz e and fair." Innovation of performance manageme nt, to ensure t hat pote ntial empl oyees "zero fly". To strengt hen performance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employe e evaluati on and levels of effective communication to impr ove performa nce management. To further qua ntify and refine employe e standards . .. Work , full play part y, and branch, and mem bers in "five type Enter prise" construction i n the of core rol e, and fighting fortress role and pi oneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengt heni ng "four good" lea dershi p constr ucti on, full play levels cadres i n enter prise development in t he

(金学智《苏州园林审美谈》 ) 中国园林, 以 “雅” 为主, “典雅” 、 “雅趣” 、 “雅致” 、 “雅淡” 等等, 莫不突出以 “雅” 。 …… 中国园林,有高低起伏,有藏有隐.有动观、静观,有节奏,宜细赏。人游其间的那种悠 闲情绪,是一首诗,一幅画,不是匆匆而来,匆匆而去,走马看花,到此一游;而是宜坐, 宜行、宜看、宜想。 (阵从周《园林美与昆曲美》 )

[答]________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 学习“小说家谈小说“中茅盾对《百合花》的分析方法,赏析下面的文字,完成 13-15 题。 中秋过后,秋风是一天凉比一天.看看将近初冬;我整天的靠着火,也须穿上棉袄了。 一天的下半天,没有一个顾客,我正合了眼坐着。忽然间听得一个声音, “温一碗酒。 ”这声 音虽然极低,却很耳熟。看时又全没有有人。站起来向外一望,那孔乙己便在柜台下对了 门槛坐着。他脸上黑而且瘦,已经不成样子;穿一件破夹袄.盘着两腿,下面垫一个蒲包, 用草绳在肩上挂住;见了我,又说道, “温一碗酒。 ”掌柜也伸出头去,一面说. “孔乙己么?你 还欠十九个钱呢! ” 孔乙己很颓唐的仰面答道, “这……下回还清罢。 这一回是现钱, 酒要好。 ” 掌柜仍然同平常一样,笑着对他说, “孔乙己,你又偷了东西了! ”但他这回却不十分分辩, 单说了一句“不要取笑! ” “ 取笑 ? 要是不偷,怎么会打断腿 ? ”孔乙己低声说道, “跌断,跌, 跌……”他的眼色,很像恳求掌柜,不要再提。此时已经聚集了几个人,便和掌柜都笑了。 我温了酒,端出去,放在门槛上。他从破衣袋里摸出四文大钱.放在我手里,见他满手是 泥,原来他便用这手走来的。不一会,他喝完酒,便又在旁人的说笑声中,坐着用这手慢 慢走去了。 13.茅盾认为, 《百合花》 “尽量让读者通过故事发展的细节描写获得人物的印象” ,中 画线处就是这样的细节描写。请你说说它对故事情节的发展起什么作用,又是怎样 表现出人物的状况和品性的。(2 分) [答] 14.矛盾认为, 《百合花》的“作者善于用前后呼应的手法布置作品的细节描写” 。上文中 有的细节描写是前后呼应的,有的是贯穿全文的,这样安排细节有什么好处?请举一个 例子谈谈你的看法。(2 分)

m 3。 2 f backbone ba ckbone rol e; to full stre ngthe ning member s yout h work, full play yout h empl oyees in company devel opme nt in the of force role ; to improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level, strengthe ning on e nterpris e busine ss key link of effectiveness monitore d. , And maintain stabilit y. To further stre ngthe n publicity a nd e ducation, improve the overall legal system. We must strengt hen safety management, esta blish a nd im prove the e ducation, s upervi sion, and evaluati on as one of the traffic safety management mecha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 another across a raili ng, we are e nthusiastic a nd full of confidence. F uture development opportunitie s, we more exciting fight more s pirited. Employees, let us toget her across 20 13 full of challe nges and opportuniti es, to create a green, l ow-cost operati on, full of humane care of a w orld -cla s s power ge neration company a nd w ork hard! T he occasi on of the Spri ng Festival, my sincere wish t hat you a nd the families of the staff in the new year, g ood healt h, ha ppy, ha ppy

To conscie ntiously s um up the Oly mpic se curity control s, pr omoting i ntegrated management to a higher level, hig her standards, a hig her level of devel opme nt. Empl oyees, today is lunar cal endar on Decem ber 24, t he ox Bell is about to ri ng, at this time of year, we cle arly feel the pulse of the XX power gene rati on company t o flouri sh, to more clearly he ar XX power generati on compa nies mature a nd symmetry breathi ng. Recalli ng past one

We will continue to impr ove the compa ny's inter nal control sy stem, and steady improveme nt in a bility to manage a nd contr ol, optimize business proce sse s, to ensure sm oot h process es, res ponsi bilities i n pla ce; to furt her strengt hen i nternal contr ols, play a control post inde pen dent ov ersight role of evaluation com plying wit h third -party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of internal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardiz e relat ed transacti ons, strengthe ning operati ons i n accor dance with law. D eepeni ng the information manageme nt to ensure full communicati on "zero resistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++ , and PI, a nd M IS, and SCM, i nformation sy stem base d construction, full integrati on informati on system, a chieve d information resource s share d; to expand Portal system a ppli cation of breadt h and de pth, play i nformation sy stem on e nterprise of As sistant rol e; to perfect dail y r un mainte nance operation of records, promote problem reasons a nalysis and system ha ndover; to strengthe ning BFS++, a nd ERP, a nd S CM, technology a ppli cation of training, im prove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capacity and level. H umani stic care t o ens ure "zero." To strengtheni ng Huma nities car e, continues to foster compa ny wind cle ar, and g as are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove hel ped tra ppe d, care difficult empl oyees; carried out style a ctivities, ri ch empl oyees life; stre ngthe ning health a nd la bour prote ction, organi zation career health me dical, control career agai nst; continues to im pleme ntation psychol ogical warni ng preventi on sy stem, training empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd sta ble of mood and enter prisi ng of attitude, created friendly fraternity of Humanities envir onment . To stre ngthe n risk manageme nt, ensure t hat the busi ness of "zero risk". To stre ngthe ned busines s pla ns manag ement, will busine ss busi ness plans cov er to all level, e nsure t he busi ness can contr ol in contr ol; to clos e concer n fina ncial, and coal ele ctric li nkage, and energy-savi ng scheduling, national policy tre nds , strengtheni ng track, active s hould; to impleme ntation State -ow ned a ssets method, furt her s pecifi cation busine ss financial management; to perfect risk tube control system, achieved risk re cog nition, and measure , and assessme nt, and report, and control feedba ck of closed ri ng management, im prove risk prevention ca pacit y. To further standardi ze trading , and strive to achieve "accordi ng to la w, standardiz e and fair." Innovation of performance manageme nt, to ensure t hat pote ntial empl oyees "zero fly". To strengt hen performance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employe e evaluati on and levels of effective communication to impr ove performa nce management. To further qua ntify and refine employe e standards . .. Work , full play part y, and branch, and mem bers in "five type Enter prise" construction i n the of core rol e, and fighting fortress role and pi oneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengt heni ng "four good" lea dershi p constr ucti on, full play levels cadres i n enter prise development in t he

[答] 15.上文中孔乙己说话极少,作者借助神志描写来表达他难以言说的心理。请找出来,说 说这样的描写对刻画人物形象有什么作用。(2 分) [答] 阅读下边的文字.完成 16—18 题。 2006 年全国降水总体略偏少,局地干旱严重,例如北京属异常枯水年,年降水量较 常年明显偏少,降水量偏少状况已持续 8 年,水资源紧缺日益严重,农业生产受到较大影 响。夏季,全国气温普遍较常年同期偏高,西北东部和华北及其以南地区出现不同程度高 温天气,不少地区“降温用电”大幅度增加。冬季,受浓雾和逆温影响,空气自洁能力差, 部分城市大气污染严重.对人体健康造成较大影响。 赤道中东太平洋弱冷水过程于 2006 年 5 月结束,2006 年 8 月,一次新的厄尔尼诺事 件形成。 这种大洋水温的变化会引起大气温度改变. 处于中高纬度的我国大部分地区就会 因此出现异常的气温和降水状况。2006 年南海夏季风虽然爆发时间接近常年,但结束时 间偏晚,强度偏弱。一般来说,夏季风偏弱时,我国的雨带偏南,北方降水偏少。 2006 年,北半球积雪面积总体上接近常年,其中冬、秋季积雪面积较常年同期略偏大.而春、 夏季积雪面积较常年同期明显偏小。 尤其是对我国影响很大的青藏高原. 其积雪面积偏小, 高原的加热作用就增强,这是造成长江中下游地区,特别是川渝地区降雨少、干旱的一个 重要因素。 16.气候异常对人类活动的影响主要表现在四个方面.下面哪一项概括最恰当?(2 分) A.气温、降水、能源、健康 B.干旱、积雪、能源、污染 C.水资源、农作物、能源、空气质量 D.农作物、水资源、浓雾、健康保健 17.对造成我国去年气候异常主要原因的分析哪一项不正确?(2 分) A.厄尔尼诺事件等引起的大洋水温变化使大气温度异常。 B.夏季风强度偏弱造成我国的雨带偏南,北方降水偏少。 C.冬、秋季积雪的面积明显偏大,带来了浓雾和逆温影响。 D.春、夏季青藏高原积雪面识偏小,使高原加热作用增强。 [答] 阅读下边一篇文章,完成 19—24 题。 [答] 18.文中采用了举例说明的方法,请联系上下文说说有什么表达作用。 (2 分) [答]

追思藤子京
重修岳阳楼的这一年是公元一千零四十五年。

m 3。 2 f backbone ba ckbone rol e; to full stre ngthe ning member s yout h work, full play yout h empl oyees in company devel opme nt in the of force role ; to improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level, strengthe ning on e nterpris e busine ss key link of effectiveness monitore d. , And maintain stabilit y. To further stre ngthe n publicity a nd e ducati on, improve the overall legal system. We must strengt hen safety management, esta blish a nd im prove the e ducation, s upervi sion, and evaluati on as one of the traffic safety management mecha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 another across a raili ng, we are e nthusiastic a nd full of confidence. F uture development opportunitie s, we more exciting fight more s pirit ed. Employees, let us toget her across 20 13 full of challe nges and opportuniti es, to create a green, l ow-cost operati on, full of humane care of a w orld -cla s s power ge neration company a nd w ork hard! T he occasi on of the Spri ng Festival, my sincere wish t hat you a nd the families of the staff in the new year, g ood healt h, ha ppy, ha ppy

To conscie ntiously s um up the Oly mpic se curity control s, pr omoting i ntegrated management to a higher level, hig her standards, a hig her level of devel opme nt. Empl oyees, today is lunar cal endar on Decem ber 24, t he ox Bell is about to ri ng, at this time of year, we cle arly feel the pulse of the XX power generati on company t o flouri sh, to more clearly he ar XX power generati on compa nies mature a nd symmetry breathi ng. Recalli ng past one

We will continue to impr ove the compa ny's inter nal control sy stem, and steady improveme nt in a bility to manage a nd contr ol, optimize business proce sse s, to ensure sm oot h process es, res ponsi bilities i n pla ce; to furt her strengt hen i nternal contr ols, play a control post inde pendent ov ersight role of evaluation com plying wit h third -party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of internal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardiz e relat ed transacti ons, strengthe ning operati ons i n accor dance with law. D eepeni ng the information manageme nt to ensure full communicati on "zero resistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++ , and PI, a nd M IS, and SCM, i nformation sy stem base d construction, full integrati on informati on system, a chieve d information resource s share d; to expand Portal system a ppli cation of breadt h and de pth, play i nformation sy stem on e nterprise of As sistant rol e; to perfect da ily r un mainte nance operation of records, promote problem reasons a nalysis and system ha ndover; to strengthe ning BFS++, a nd ERP, a nd S CM, technology a ppli cation of training, im prove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capacity and level. H umani stic care t o ens ure "zero." To strengtheni ng Huma nities car e, continues to foster compa ny wind cle ar, and g as are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove hel ped tra ppe d, care difficult empl oyees; carried out style a ctivities, ri ch empl oyees life; stre ngthe ning health a nd la bour prote ction, organi zation career health me dical, control career agai nst; continues to impleme ntation psychol ogical warni ng preventi on sy stem, training empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd sta ble of mood and enter prisi ng of attitude, created friendly fraternity of Humanities envir onment . To stre ngthe n risk manageme nt, ensure t hat the busi ness of "zero risk". To stre ngthe ned busines s pla ns manag ement, will busine ss busi ness plans cov er to all level, e nsure t he busi ness ca n contr ol in contr ol; to clos e concer n fina ncial, and coal ele ctric li nkage, and energy-savi ng scheduling, national policy tre nds , strengtheni ng track, active s hould; to impleme ntation State -ow ned a ssets method, furt her s pecifi cation busine ss financial management; to perfect risk tube control system, achieved risk re cog nition, and measure , and assessme nt, and report, and control feedba ck of closed ri ng management, im prove risk prevention ca pacit y. To further standardi ze trading , and strive to achieve "accordi ng to la w, standardiz e and fair." Innovation of performance manageme nt, to ensure t hat pote ntial empl oyees "zero fly". To strengt hen performance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employe e evaluati on and levels of effective communication to impr ove performa nce management. To further qua ntify and refine employe e standards . .. Work , full play part y, and branch, and mem bers in "five type Enter prise" construction i n the of core rol e, and fighting fortress role and pi oneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengt heni ng "four good" lea dershi p constr ucti on, full play levels cadres i n enter prise development in t he

3 年前, 藤子京还在西北的甘肃泾州当知州。 那是个边关阻隔, 动乱无常的荒凉之地。 这年 9 月,西夏大举攻宋,宁夏定川寨一仗,打得昏天黑地,血肉横飞。藤子京镇守城 池,手中兵卒无几. “乃集农民数千戎服乘城” ,又“会范仲淹引番汉兵来援” 。之后,他动用 公款犒劳边关将士,祭奠英烈,抚恤遗属。事隔一年,便有人弹劾(弹劾,担任监察职务 的官员检举官吏曲罪状)滕子京滥用公款, “其间数万贯不明” 。于是, “泾州过用公款案”闹得 沸沸扬扬。幸得欧阳修、范仲淹从中解释,方未处刑,仅贬官而已。于是就有了“庆历四 年春,藤子京谪守巴陵郡” 。 藤子京是背着沉重的十字架来到巴陵岳阳的。 岳阳这地方怎么就成了贬官们的钟爱之地?上自屈原数起,涉足岳阳的各朝名家大都 是仕途坎坷.累有贬迹。无论“去国怀乡,忧谗畏讥”也好; “心旷神怡,宠辱偕忘”也好,只 要贬官们踏上岳阳这块土地,总是文思泉诵,佳作叠出。 是洞庭山水抚慰了落魄的人生, 还是人生的苦难打磨了岳阳的灵魂?这一拨拨朝廷的 弃儿,将热泪抛洒在岳阳楼头的时候,巴陵的山捧着它,洞庭的波含着它,分明就铸成了 岳阳城头一块块苦涩的砖石,从屈夫子一直垒砌到今天。 那么.藤子京为岳阳留下了什么呢? 他留下了一座岳阳楼。 那古楼上写着“不以物喜” 。他是不以物喜的。他在岳阳的 3 年,承前制,重修岳阳楼; 崇教化,兴建岳州学宫;治水患,拟筑偃虹堤。三年治政,成就三件大事,此君足矣!同 朝史学家司马光赞其在岳州“治为天下第一” 。藤子京是完全有资本以物为喜的,他却不能 喜, “负大才,为众所嫉” ,他如何喜得! 古楼上还写着“不以己悲” 。他又何尝以己悲之?一个负罪的贬官,仕途的失意,人生的 坎坷,要消沉当可消沉,论哀怨亦可悲之.而这位藤公却“居庙堂之高则忧其民;处江湖

m 3。 2 f backbone ba ckbone rol e; to full stre ngthe ning member s yout h work, full play yout h empl oyees in company devel opme nt in the of force role ; to improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level, strengthe ning on e nterpris e busine ss key link of effectiveness monitore d. , And maintain stabilit y. To further stre ngthe n publicity a nd e ducation, improve the overall legal system. We must strengt hen safety management, esta blish a nd im prove the e ducation, s upervi sion, and evaluati on as one of the traffic safety management mecha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 another across a raili ng, we are e nthusiastic a nd full of confidence. F uture development opportunitie s, we more exciting fight more s pirited. Employees, let us toget her across 20 13 full of challe nges and opportuniti es, to create a green, l ow-cost operati on, full of humane care of a w orld -cla s s power ge neration company a nd w ork hard! T he occasi on of the Spri ng Festival, my sincere wish t hat you a nd the families of the staff in the new year, g ood healt h, ha ppy, ha ppy

To conscie ntiously s um up the Oly mpic se curity control s, pr omoting i ntegrated management to a higher level, hig her standards, a hig her level of devel opme nt. Empl oyees, today is lunar cal endar on Decem ber 24, t he ox Bell is about to ri ng, at this time of year, we cle arly feel the pulse of the XX power gene rati on company t o flouri sh, to more clearly he ar XX power generati on compa nies mature a nd symmetry breathi ng. Recalli ng past one

We will continue to impr ove the compa ny's inter nal control sy stem, and steady improveme nt in a bility to manage a nd contr ol, optimize business proce sse s, to ensure sm oot h process es, res ponsi bilities i n pla ce; to furt her strengt hen i nternal contr ols, play a control post inde pen dent ov ersight role of evaluation com plying wit h third -party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of internal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardiz e relat ed transacti ons, strengthe ning operati ons i n accor dance with law. D eepeni ng the information manageme nt to ensure full communicati on "zero resistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++ , and PI, a nd M IS, and SCM, i nformation sy stem base d construction, full integrati on informati on system, a chieve d information resource s share d; to expand Portal system a ppli cation of breadt h and de pth, play i nformation sy stem on e nterprise of As sistant rol e; to perfect dail y r un mainte nance operation of records, promote problem reasons a nalysis and system ha ndover; to strengthe ning BFS++, a nd ERP, a nd S CM, technology a ppli cation of training, im prove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capacity and level. H umani stic care t o ens ure "zero." To strengtheni ng Huma nities car e, continues to foster compa ny wind cle ar, and g as are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove hel ped tra ppe d, care difficult empl oyees; carried out style a ctivities, ri ch empl oyees life; stre ngthe ning health a nd la bour prote ction, organi zation career health me dical, control career agai nst; continues to im pleme ntation psychol ogical warni ng preventi on sy stem, training empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd sta ble of mood and enter prisi ng of attitude, created friendly fraternity of Humanities envir onment . To stre ngthe n risk manageme nt, ensure t hat the busi ness of "zero risk". To stre ngthe ned busines s pla ns manag ement, will busine ss busi ness plans cov er to all level, e nsure t he busi ness can contr ol in contr ol; to clos e concer n fina ncial, and coal ele ctric li nkage, and energy-savi ng scheduling, national policy tre nds , strengtheni ng track, active s hould; to impleme ntation State -ow ned a ssets method, furt her s pecifi cation busine ss financial management; to perfect risk tube control system, achieved risk re cog nition, and measure , and assessme nt, and report, and control feedba ck of closed ri ng management, im prove risk prevention ca pacit y. To further standardi ze trading , and strive to achieve "accordi ng to la w, standardiz e and fair." Innovation of performance manageme nt, to ensure t hat pote ntial empl oyees "zero fly". To strengt hen performance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employe e evaluati on and levels of effective communication to impr ove performa nce management. To further qua ntify and refine employe e standards . .. Work , full play part y, and branch, and mem bers in "five type Enter prise" construction i n the of core rol e, and fighting fortress role and pi oneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengt heni ng "four good" lea dershi p constr ucti on, full play levels cadres i n enter prise development in t he

之远则忧其君” .他是不喜不悲,不艾不怨,上任一年便“政通人和,百废具兴” ,于政治是 如此的投入,于黎民是如此的体恤!此种襟怀,问谁领会得来!当岳阳楼重修落成之日, 藤子京也只是“痛饮一场,凭栏大恸(恸,大哭)十数声而已” ,可见其忍辱负重仍然勤于政绩 的惨淡心境。男儿有汨不轻弹,这“凭栏大恸十数声”是何等的悲怆,何等的壮烈! 岳阳楼是重新耸立起来了。设若没有藤子京重修岳阳楼,何来此大观?没有藤子京修 书求记范仲淹,有何来“先忧后乐”的《岳阳楼记》传诸后世?范仲淹是“先忧后乐”精神的 宣扬者,藤子京何以不是这精神的践行者? 滕子京谪守岳州 3 年.于庆历七年初调任苏州,离开岳阳 3 个月之后不幸病逝于苏 州任所,时年 56 岁。 《宋史》对他有这样的评价: “宗谅(藤子京,名宗谅,字子京)尚气, 惆傥自任,好施与,及卒,无余财。 ” 无余财呀!这便是一个受诬贬官的结局。可悲的是,当年弹劾藤子京的那个人,受命 “审讯”此案,他的调查结果却是“藤子京所用钱数分明,并无侵欺入己” 。可怜藤子京们已是 遍体鳞伤,欲哭无泪,小人却在一旁暗自窃笑。范相藤公今安在?于是,让我想起了刻在 岳阳楼上的那半副楹联: “范秀才, 亦多事, 数十年光景, 甚么先甚么后, 万家忧乐独关心! ” (作者王和声,有删改) 19.我们所读的诗词中.有一些是描写塞外景象的。请选择最能表现上文“边关阻隔, 动乱无常的荒凉”情景的句子,写在下面的横线上。 (2 分) [答] 20. 文章是从哪两个方面赞美藤子京的?你觉得最令人感动的是哪一方面?请作简要阐述。 (3 分) [答] 21.岳阳楼重修落成之日滕子京“凭栏大恸十数声” ,这哭声为什么是悲怆而又壮烈的? (3 分) [答] 22.作者为什么写《宋史》对藤子京的评价?又为什么写当年弹劾藤子京的那个人的调查
m 3。 2 f backbone ba ckbone rol e; to full stre ngthe ning member s yout h work, full play yout h empl oyees in company devel opme nt in the of force role ; to improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level, strengthe ning on e nterpris e busine ss key link of effectiveness monitore d. , And maintain stabilit y. To further stre ngthe n publicity a nd e ducati on, improve the overall legal system. We must strengt hen safety management, esta blish a nd im prove the e ducation, s upervi sion, and evaluati on as one of the traffic safety management mecha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 another across a raili ng, we are e nthusiastic a nd full of confidence. F uture development opportunitie s, we more exciting fight more s pirit ed. Employees, let us toget her across 20 13 full of challe nges and opportuniti es, to create a green, l ow-cost operati on, full of humane care of a w orld -cla s s power ge neration company a nd w ork hard! T he occasi on of the Spri ng Festival, my sincere wish t hat you a nd the families of the staff in the new year, g ood healt h, ha ppy, ha ppy To conscie ntiously s um up the Oly mpic se curity control s, pr omoting i ntegrated management to a higher level, hig her standards, a hig her level of devel opme nt. Empl oyees, today is lunar cal endar on Decem ber 24, t he ox Bell is about to ri ng, at this time of year, we cle arly feel the pulse of the XX power generati on company t o flouri sh, to more clearly he ar XX power generati on compa nies mature a nd symmetry breathi ng. Recalli ng past one

We will continue to impr ove the compa ny's inter nal control sy stem, and steady improveme nt in a bility to manage a nd contr ol, optimize business proce sse s, to ensure sm oot h process es, res ponsi bilities i n pla ce; to furt her strengt hen i nternal contr ols, play a control post inde pendent ov ersight role of evaluation com plying wit h third -party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of internal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardiz e relat ed transacti ons, strengthe ning operati ons i n accor dance with law. D eepeni ng the information manageme nt to ensure full communicati on "zero resistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++ , and PI, a nd M IS, and SCM, i nformation sy stem base d construction, full integrati on informati on system, a chieve d information resource s share d; to expand Portal system a ppli cation of breadt h and de pth, play i nformation sy stem on e nterprise of As sistant rol e; to perfect da ily r un mainte nance operation of records, promote problem reasons a nalysis and system ha ndover; to strengthe ning BFS++, a nd ERP, a nd S CM, technology a ppli cation of training, im prove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capacity and level. H umani stic care t o ens ure "zero." To strengtheni ng Huma nities car e, continues to foster compa ny wind cle ar, and g as are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove hel ped tra ppe d, care difficult empl oyees; carried out style a ctivities, ri ch empl oyees life; stre ngthe ning health a nd la bour prote ction, organi zation career health me dical, control career agai nst; continues to impleme ntation psychol ogical warni ng preventi on sy stem, training empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd sta ble of mood and enter prisi ng of attitude, created friendly fraternity of Humanities envir onment . To stre ngthe n risk manageme nt, ensure t hat the busi ness of "zero risk". To stre ngthe ned busines s pla ns manag ement, will busine ss busi ness plans cov er to all level, e nsure t he busi ness ca n contr ol in contr ol; to clos e concer n fina ncial, and coal ele ctric li nkage, and energy-savi ng scheduling, national policy tre nds , strengtheni ng track, active s hould; to impleme ntation State -ow ned a ssets method, furt her s pecifi cation busine ss financial management; to perfect risk tube control system, achieved risk re cog nition, and measure , and assessme nt, and report, and control feedba ck of closed ri ng management, im prove risk prevention ca pacit y. To further standardi ze trading , and strive to achieve "accordi ng to la w, standardiz e and fair." Innovation of performance manageme nt, to ensure t hat pote ntial empl oyees "zero fly". To strengt hen performance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employe e evaluati on and levels of effective communication to impr ove performa nce management. To further qua ntify and refine employe e standards . .. Work , full play part y, and branch, and mem bers in "five type Enter prise" construction i n the of core rol e, and fighting fortress role and pi oneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengt heni ng "four good" lea dershi p constr ucti on, full play levels cadres i n enter prise development in t he

结果?(2 分) [答] 23. “是洞庭山水抚慰了落魄的人生.还是人生的苦难打磨了岳阳的灵魂?”这句话在文中 有什么含义?(3 分) [答] 24.联系全文看,作者“追思藤子京”的目的是什么? (2 分)

A.探寻藤子京“谪守巴陵郡”的原因,从而为他鸣冤申雪。 B.表明藤子京虽一再遭贬.但仍然能不以物喜,不以己悲。 C.昭示藤子京的廉洁和他的“倜傥自任,好施与,及卒,无余财” 。 D.赞颂藤子京“先忧后乐”的践行,呼吁藤子京的悲剧不再发生。 [答]

第三部分(55 分)
25.作文。(55 分) 俗话说,一日之计在于晨。晨是美好的,是充满希望的,也是富有活力的,更是要好 好体验和珍惜的。一天中最宝贵的时光在晨,一生中最生气勃勃的日子也在“晨”…… 请以“晨”为题写一篇不少于 500 字的文章,除诗歌、剧本以外题材不限,文中不要 出现(或暗示)本人的姓名、所在学校。

2007 年苏州市初中毕业暨升学考试试卷
语文参考答案及其评分标准
第一部分
1.①浑 2. 错别字 改 正 俱 具 甜 恬 延 衍 待 代 ②憬 ③壮 ④垠

3. ①她在丛中笑 ②天涯若比邻 王勃 ③剪不断, 理还乱 ④商女不知亡国恨 泊秦淮⑤ 小桥流水人家 ⑥落红不是无情物 ⑦温故而知新 ⑧奉命于危难之间 4. 《西游记》是一部古典长篇章回体小说。这部小说故事情节曲折、人物形象生动,深受 读者特别是广大青少年的欢迎。这是明代文学家吴承恩在民间文学的基础上经过加工、 整合,再创作的。 5.①短小、优美(娇媚可爱)、精致(基本意思对即可) ②这是一道开放性试题,比喻要

m 3。 2 f backbone ba ckbone rol e; to full stre ngthe ning member s yout h work, full play yout h empl oyees in company devel opme nt in the of force role ; to improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level, strengthe ning on e nterpris e busine ss key link of effectiveness monitore d. , And maintain stabilit y. To further stre ngthe n publicity a nd e ducation, improve the overall legal system. We must strengt hen safety management, esta blish a nd im prove the e ducation, s upervi sion, and evaluati on as one of the traffic safety management mecha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 another across a raili ng, we are e nthusiastic a nd full of confidence. F uture development opportunitie s, we more exciting fight more s pirited. Employees, let us toget her across 20 13 full of challe nges and opportuniti es, to create a green, l ow-cost operati on, full of humane care of a w orld -cla s s power ge neration company a nd w ork hard! T he occasi on of the Spri ng Festival, my sincere wish t hat you a nd the families of the staff in the new year, g ood healt h, ha ppy, ha ppy

To conscie ntiously s um up the Oly mpic se curity control s, pr omoting i ntegrated management to a higher level, hig her standards, a hig her level of devel opme nt. Empl oyees, today is lunar cal endar on Decem ber 24, t he ox Bell is about to ri ng, at this time of year, we cle arly feel the pulse of the XX power gene rati on company t o flouri sh, to more clearly he ar XX power generati on compa nies mature a nd symmetry breathi ng. Recalli ng past one

We will continue to impr ove the compa ny's inter nal control sy stem, and steady improveme nt in a bility to manage a nd contr ol, optimize business proce sse s, to ensure sm oot h process es, res ponsi bilities i n pla ce; to furt her strengt hen i nternal contr ols, play a control post inde pen dent ov ersight role of evaluation com plying wit h third -party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of internal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardiz e relat ed transacti ons, strengthe ning operati ons i n accor dance with law. D eepeni ng the information manageme nt to ensure full communicati on "zero resistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++ , and PI, a nd M IS, and SCM, i nformation sy stem base d construction, full integrati on informati on system, a chieve d information resource s share d; to expand Portal system a ppli cation of breadt h and de pth, play i nformation sy stem on e nterprise of As sistant rol e; to perfect dail y r un mainte nance operation of records, promote problem reasons a nalysis and system ha ndover; to strengthe ning BFS++, a nd ERP, a nd S CM, technology a ppli cation of training, im prove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capacity and level. H umani stic care t o ens ure "zero." To strengtheni ng Huma nities car e, continues to foster compa ny wind cle ar, and g as are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove hel ped tra ppe d, care difficult empl oyees; carried out style a ctivities, ri ch empl oyees life; stre ngthe ning health a nd la bour prote ction, organi zation career health me dical, control career agai nst; continues to im pleme ntation psychol ogical warni ng preventi on sy stem, training empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd sta ble of mood and enter prisi ng of attitude, created friendly fraternity of Humanities envir onment . To stre ngthe n risk manageme nt, ensure t hat the busi ness of "zero risk". To stre ngthe ned busines s pla ns manag ement, will busine ss busi ness plans cov er to all level, e nsure t he busi ness can contr ol in contr ol; to clos e concer n fina ncial, and coal ele ctric li nkage, and energy-savi ng scheduling, national policy tre nds , strengtheni ng track, active s hould; to impleme ntation State -ow ned a ssets method, furt her s pecifi cation busine ss financial management; to perfect risk tube control system, achieved risk re cog nition, and measure , and assessme nt, and report, and control feedba ck of closed ri ng management, im prove risk prevention ca pacit y. To further standardi ze trading , and strive to achieve "accordi ng to la w, standardiz e and fair." Innovation of performance manageme nt, to ensure t hat pote ntial empl oyees "zero fly". To strengt hen performance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employe e evaluati on and levels of effective communication to impr ove performa nce management. To further qua ntify and refine employe e standards . .. Work , full play part y, and branch, and mem bers in "five type Enter prise" construction i n the of core rol e, and fighting fortress role and pi oneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengt heni ng "four good" lea dershi p constr ucti on, full play levels cadres i n enter prise development in t he

符合桥的造型特点“柔婉的弧型,小小的,曲曲的,娇媚可爱” 。例:如一钩新月,似 一弯初弓。 6.A、B 7.B 8.现在逃跑(被抓回来)也是死,发动起义也是死,同样是死,为国事而死好吗? 9.①制造舆论,鼓动人心,树立威信,让卒相信“大楚兴,陈胜王”的必然趋势。 ②利用当时普遍存在的敬奉鬼神的习惜来制造舆论.达到了很好的宣传效果,这样做 显出了阵胜等组织起义的足智多谋。 10.①最根本的原因是:天下苦秦久矣。最直接的原因是:会天大雨,道下通,度已失期。 失期,法皆斩。 ②在秦王朝的残暴统治下,那些边的贫苦百姓走投无路的境遇正是“天下苦秦久矣” 的具体体现。(或: “失期,法皆斩”是秦残暴统治的体现) 11.建筑色彩的特点:①“极少使用彩绘” ,②色彩淡雅,如:梁柱、木窗、阑干是不刺 眼的颜色,墙壁是白色,水磨方砖是淡灰色,屋瓦和檐漏也是淡灰色。 达到的效果:①这些颜色与草木的绿色和谐地统一在一起, “引起人们安静闲适的感 觉” :②到了花开的季节,这些颜色与花相映成趣,把花衬托得更加“明艳照眼” 。 12.追求自然之趣,体现出图画之美,营造柔和、恬静的意境,凸现“雅趣” , “雅致” 。 13.孔乙己坐着用手“走”这一细节,把故事情节推向高潮,表现孔乙己此时所遭到的摧 残的严重。同时,我们也看到,孔乙己“坐着”用手“走”来“走”去,就是为了喝一碗 酒,这一细节描写又活脱脱地表现出孔乙己好喝成性等习性。(言之成理即可) 14.上文中写孔乙己“在旁人的说笑声中,坐着用这手慢慢走去了” ,酒客们的“说笑”和 “哄笑”这一细节在文中出现过多次.这一次次的“笑”相互呼应.贯穿全文.表观出酒 客们的冷漠无情和社会的世态炎凉。 又如上文写孔乙己买酒是从破衣袋里 “摸出四文大钱” , 而他原来进酒店买酒却是“排出九文大钱” 。 “摸”与“排”这个细节呼应,表现出孔乙己 境遇的变化,他的精神和肉体所受到的打击的大。(举出一个例子即可) 15.举出一个例子加以分析既可。如“他的眼色,很像恳求掌柜,下要再提”这一神态的 描写传神地写出孔乙己受到别人戏弄内心痛苦,又无力争辩的无奈和辛酸。 16.C 17.C 18.如北京干旱的情况:属异常枯水年.年降水量较常年明显偏少,降水量偏少状况已持 续 8 年。举北京干旱的例子能具体、明确地说明“局地干旱严重”的状况和影响。 19.例“羌笛何须怨扬柳,春风不度玉门关。 ”(写出其他的边塞诗,内容符合要求也可) 20.①他“不以物喜” ,在岳州“三年政治,成就三件大事” , “治为天下第一” 。他是完全 有资本以物喜的。②他“不以己悲” ,作为一个负罪的贬官,他不顾仕途的失意,人生 的坎坷,于政治是如此的投入,于黎民是如此的体恤!被冤枉和诬陷之后仍然能如此的 “万家忧乐独关心”③最令人感动的是他“不以己悲”(分析言之有理即可)。 21.藤子京受冤贬官,但他“不以己悲” ,努力“政治” ,看到重修的岳阳楼落成,他百感

m 3。 2 f backbone ba ckbone rol e; to full stre ngthe ning member s yout h work, full play yout h empl oyees in company devel opme nt in the of force role ; to improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level, strengthe ning on e nterpris e busine ss key link of effectiveness monitore d. , And maintain stabilit y. To further stre ngthe n publicity a nd e ducati on, improve the overall legal system. We must strengt hen safety management, esta blish a nd im prove the e ducation, s upervi sion, and evaluati on as one of the traffic safety management mecha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 another across a raili ng, we are e nthusiastic a nd full of confidence. F uture development opportunitie s, we more exciting fight more s pirit ed. Employees, let us toget her across 20 13 full of challe nges and opportuniti es, to create a green, l ow-cost operati on, full of humane care of a w orld -cla s s power ge neration company a nd w ork hard! T he occasi on of the Spri ng Festival, my sincere wish t hat you a nd the families of the staff in the new year, g ood healt h, ha ppy, ha ppy

To conscie ntiously s um up the Oly mpic se curity control s, pr omoting i ntegrated management to a higher level, hig her standards, a hig her level of devel opme nt. Empl oyees, today is lunar cal endar on Decem ber 24, t he ox Bell is about to ri ng, at this time of year, we cle arly feel the pulse of the XX power generati on company t o flouri sh, to more clearly he ar XX power generati on compa nies mature a nd symmetry breathi ng. Recalli ng past one

We will continue to impr ove the compa ny's inter nal control sy stem, and steady improveme nt in a bility to manage a nd contr ol, optimize business proce sse s, to ensure sm oot h process es, res ponsi bilities i n pla ce; to furt her strengt hen i nternal contr ols, play a control post inde pendent ov ersight role of evaluation com plying wit h third -party res ponsi bility; to a ctively make use of internal a udit tools detect potential management, streamline, standardiz e relat ed transacti ons, strengthe ning operati ons i n accor dance with law. D eepeni ng the information manageme nt to ensure full communicati on "zero resistance". To constantly perfect ERP, and BFS++ , and PI, a nd M IS, and SCM, i nformation sy stem base d construction, full integrati on informati on system, a chieve d information resource s share d; to expand Portal system a ppli cation of breadt h and de pth, play i nformation sy stem on e nterprise of As sistant rol e; to perfect da ily r un mainte nance operation of records, promote problem reasons a nalysis and system ha ndover; to strengthe ning BFS++, a nd ERP, a nd S CM, technology a ppli cation of training, im prove empl oyees a ppli cation information system of capacity and level. H umani stic care t o ens ure "zero." To strengtheni ng Huma nities car e, continues to foster compa ny wind cle ar, and g as are, and heart Shun of culture atm osphere; strengthe ning l ove hel ped tra ppe d, care difficult empl oyees; carried out style a ctivities, ri ch empl oyees life; stre ngthe ning health a nd la bour prote ction, organi zation career health me dical, control career agai nst; continues to impleme ntation psychol ogical warni ng preventi on sy stem, training empl oyees health of chara cter, a nd sta ble of mood and enter prisi ng of attitude, created friendly fraternity of Humanities envir onment . To stre ngthe n risk manageme nt, ensure t hat the busi ness of "zero risk". To stre ngthe ned busines s pla ns manag ement, will busine ss busi ness plans cov er to all level, e nsure t he busi ness ca n contr ol in contr ol; to clos e concer n fina ncial, and coal ele ctric li nkage, and energy-savi ng scheduling, national policy tre nds , strengtheni ng track, active s hould; to impleme ntation State -ow ned a ssets method, furt her s pecifi cation busine ss financial management; to perfect risk tube control system, achieved risk re cog nition, and measure , and assessme nt, and report, and control feedba ck of closed ri ng management, im prove risk prevention ca pacit y. To further standardi ze trading , and strive to achieve "accordi ng to la w, standardiz e and fair." Innovation of performance manageme nt, to ensure t hat pote ntial empl oyees "zero fly". To strengt hen performance manageme nt, proces s control, e nha nce employe e evaluati on and levels of effective communication to impr ove performa nce management. To further qua ntify and refine employe e standards . .. Work , full play part y, and branch, and mem bers in "five type Enter prise" construction i n the of core rol e, and fighting fortress role and pi oneer model rol e; to conti nue s to strengt heni ng "four good" lea dershi p constr ucti on, full play levels cadres i n enter prise development in t he

交集, “凭栏大恸十数声” 。说他“悲怆” .是他含冤受贬,欲哭无泪;说他壮烈,是他 如此“苦涩”却仍然忍辱负重、勤于政绩,上任一年便“政通人和百废具兴” ,这样的 襟怀何等壮烈! 22.表明藤子京的清廉,强调藤子京“负罪”的冤,突出藤子京“欲哭无泪”的悲剧遭遇。 23.面对洞庭美丽的湖光山色,那些仕途坎坷的贬官们触景生情,文思泉涌,巴陵的山、 洞庭的波使地们忘却了自我, 落魄的人生得到了抚慰。 这一拨拨有着人生苦难经历的 “弃 儿” ,将热泪抛洒在岳阳楼头,铸成了岳阳的灵魂;他们用自己的“苦涩”铸就的心, 投入政治,体恤黎民,让洞庭愈加壮丽,让岳阳的灵魂愈加感人。 24.D 25.根据中考作文评分标准。

m 3。 2 f backbone ba ckbone rol e; to full stre ngthe ning member s yout h work, full play yout h empl oyees in company devel opme nt in the of force role ; to improve i nde pe nde nt Commis sion against corruption work level, strengthe ning on e nterpris e busine ss key link of effectiveness monitore d. , And maintain stabilit y. To further stre ngthe n publicity a nd e ducation, improve the overall legal system. We must strengt hen safety management, esta blish a nd im prove the e ducation, s upervi sion, and evaluati on as one of the traffic safety management mecha nism. 度 高 设 搭 地 落 为 改 后 填 回 础 基 单 式 诊 急 门 o 次 四 分 , 排 双 挑 悬 用 采 架 手 脚 外 楼 技 医 房 病 another across a raili ng, we are e nthusiastic a nd full of confidence. F uture development opportunitie s, we more exciting fight more s pirited. Employees, let us toget her across 20 13 full of challe nges and opportuniti es, to create a green, l ow-cost operati on, full of humane care of a w orld -cla s s power ge neration company a nd w ork hard! T he occasi on of the Spri ng Festival, my sincere wish t hat you a nd the families of the staff in the new year, g ood healt h, ha ppy, ha ppy

To conscie ntiously s um up the Oly mpic se curity control s, pr omoting i ntegrated management to a higher level, hig her standards, a hig her level of devel opme nt. Empl oyees, today is lunar cal endar on Decem ber 24, t he ox Bell is about to ri ng, at this time of year, we cle arly feel the pulse of the XX power gene rati on company t o flouri sh, to more clearly he ar XX power generati on compa nies mature a nd symmetry breathi ng. Recalli ng past one



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